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[QUOTE=candigirl21]What is the normal red blood count? I got all this lab work back but no one explained it to me? Please help..also does anyone know the normal white blood count as well?Thanks.[/QUOTE]

I can't stress enough how important it is to talk to your doctor about test results. So many people just smile and nod as though they understand, and then panic after the fact because they don't understand what if anything is wrong with them. Never be afraid to talk to your doctor about what they tell you and always speak up to tell them that you don't understand everything they are telling you. Ask them to speak in plain English to you and leave out the medical terms so that you understand. If you don't understand, don't be afraid to tell them that you didn't get what they said.

Now that being said, I want to emphasize that I'm NOT a doctor. But I do alot of reading and take an active interest in the human body and love to read up on medical things. The following was found in an internet search, and if you have questions on what your blood work means to you, that is something you need to call and discuss with your doctor.

[U][B]Blood Tests: Complete Blood Count[/B][/U]

[B]What is a complete blood count? [/B]
A complete blood count (CBC), one of the most common blood tests performed, may be ordered as part of a routine medical examination.
In a CBC, the various types of blood cell are analyzed, using 6 different tests:
Red Blood Cell Count (RBC)
White Blood Cell Count (WBC)
Differential Blood Count (Diff)
Platelet Count

[B]What is a red blood cell count? [/B]
Red cells, the most common type of blood cell, are responsible for transporting oxygen throughout the body.
A red blood cell count (RBC) is ordered to check whether the number of red cells in the blood is abnormally high or abnormally low.

[I]The ranges for a normal red blood cell count are:
Adult females: 4.2 to 5.4 million red cells per microliter (uL, a millionth of a liter) of blood
Adult males: 4.7 to 6.1 million/uL [/I] Abnormal RBC may indicate:
Anemia (low RBC)
Polycythemia (high RBC)

[B]What is a hematocrit? [/B]
The hematocrit test, like the RBC, is performed to check whether the red cell count is abnormally high or low.

In the hematocrit test:
The patient's finger is pricked.
A drop of blood is drawn into a vary narrow glass tube.
The tube is spun at high speed (in a centrifuge).
The dense red blood cells pack down to the bottom of the tube, leaving the liquid portion of the blood at the top of the tube.
The fraction of the tube occupied by the packed red blood cells represents the fraction of red cells in the blood.

The ranges for a normal hematocrit are:
Females: 0.37 to 0.47 (37% to 47% of blood volume occupied by red cells)
Males: 0.42 to 0.52
Like an abnormal RBC, an abnormal hematocrit may indicate:
Anemia (low hematocrit)
Polycythemia (high hematocrit)

[B]What is hemoglobin? [/B]
Hemoglobin, a compound present in red blood cells, gives blood its red color.
The molecular structure of hemoglobin allows hemoglobin to bind with oxygen (within the red blood cell). Circulation of red cells then serves to transport oxygen throughout the body.

The hemoglobin test, a measurement of hemoglobin levels in the blood, is another way of determining whether red cells are normal. Most patients with low hemoglobin also have:
Low hematocrit

Normal ranges for hemoglobin are:
Adult females: 12 to 16 grams of hemoglobin per deciliter (dL, a tenth of a liter) of blood
Adults males: 14 to 18 g/dL
Low hemoglobin, like low RBC or low hematocrit, is an indicator of anemia.

[B]What is a white blood cell count? [/B]
White blood cells are cells of the immune system, responsible for protecting the body from infection and malignancy.
A white blood cell count (WBC) is ordered to check whether the number of white cells in the blood is abnormally high or abnormally low.
Patients with a low WBC are at increased risk for infectious disease.

Normal WBC count is 4.8 to 10.8 thousand WBC per microliter (uL) of blood.
Low WBC may indicate:
Overwhelming infection
Certain cancers/cancer treatment
High WBC may indicate:

[B]What is a differential blood count[/B]?
There are 5 different types of white blood cell:
In a differential blood count (Diff), the numbers of different types of white blood cell are measured, to aid in a variety of diagnoses.

Normal ranges for a Diff are:
Neutrophils: 3150 to 6200 neutrophils per microliter (uL) of blood
Lymphocytes: 1500 to 3000/uL
Monocytes: 300 to 500/uL
Eosinophils: 50 to 250/uL
Basophils: 15 to 50/uL

High neutrophil count can indicate:
Certain types of cancer
Physical stress to the body, such as following:
Heart attack

Low lymphocyte count can be a symptom of AIDS.

High monocyte count can indicate infection, often bacterial infection.

High eosinophil count can indicate:
Certain skin diseases
Parasitic infection
Immature white blood cells of any type can indicate:
Bacterial infection

[B]What is a platelet count? [/B]
Platelets are cell fragments essential for the process of blood clotting.
A platelet count may be performed if a patient:
Is prone to bruising
Is about to undergo surgery

A normal platelet count is 150 to 450 thousand platelets per microliter of blood.

Low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia) may occur as a result of:
Cancer treatment
Certain leukemias
Certain other types of cancer
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura

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